formerly Pagan, is an ancient city in the Mandalay Division of Burma. Formally
titled Arimaddanapura or Arimaddana (the City of the Enemy Crusher) and also
known as Tambadipa (the Land of Copper) or Tassadessa (the Parched Land), it was
the ancient capital of several ancient kingdoms in Burma. It is located in the
dry central plains of the country, on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwady River,
90 miles (145 km) southwest of Mandalay.UNESCO has unsuccessfully tried to
designate Bagan as a World Heritage Site.
Reasons to visit
Bagan is the main tourist attraction in Myanmar. One of
the richest archaeological sites in Asia, is located on the eastern bank of the
Ayeyarwaddy River. Also being the capital of first Myanmar Empire, Bagan covers
an area of 42 sq.km containing over 2000 well-preserved pagodas and temoles of
the 11th- 13th century
Started in the 11th century, the pagoda is one of the
first buildings in a unique Burmese style, while older pagodas were built in Mon
style. It is said that the pagoda was built to enshrine the tooth, collar-bone
and headband relics of the Buddha, and so has become a revered place of
pilgrimage. Two great kings, noted for their patronage of the religion, are
associated with the Shwezigon: Anawrahta (1044-1077) and Kyansittha (1084-1113).
Built in 1091 by Kyanzittha, the temple is said to
represent the endless wisdom of the Buddha. The central square has sides of 53
metres, and rises in terraces to a height of 51 metres. Having suffered
considerable damage in the earthquake of 1975, the temple, one of the finest,
largest and best preserved, was reconstructed in 1979.
Built by Alaungsithu in the mid-12th century, this 61 metre
tall temple is the highest in Bagan. The stone supports which once held the
temple's huge bronze bell are now located in a monastery compound southwest of
the Thatbyinnyut. To the north east stands a small "tally pagoda", built using
one brick for every 10,000 used in the main temple.
Built during the reign of Narapatisithu (1174-1211), this
is one of the largest and most imposing of the Bagan temples - cube shaped with
Buddha images on the four sides of the ground floor. The top terrace affords
excellent views of sunset over the Ayeyarwady. The Gawdawpalin was badly damaged
by the earthquake in 1975, and reconstruction was started in 1979.
Built by Alaungsithu in 1311, this temple is an early
example of a transition in architectural styles, which resulted in airy, lighter
buildings. The temple is also notable for its fine stucco carvings and for the
stone slabs in the inner walls.
King Anawrahta built this library in 1058 to house the 30
elephant loads of Buddhist scriptures with which he returned from the sacking of
Thaton. It was repaired in 1738. The architecture of the square building is
notable for the perforated stone windows, and the plaster carvings on the roof.
Built in 1181 by Narapatisithu, this is a fine example of a
later, more sophisticated, temple style, with better interior illumination. The
interior was once painted with fine frescoes, only traces of which now remain.
Nathlaung Kyaung – Built in 931 by king Taungthugyi, about a century before the
southern school of Buddhism came to Bagan, this is the only remaining Hindu
temple, dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. A central brick pillar supports the
dome and crumbled sikhara, which originally had figures of Vishnu on each of the
The interior of this single storey structure is dimly lit
with the small, perforated stone windows that typify this early type of
Mon-influenced temple. It was probably built during the reign of Kyanzittha
Thought to be the oldest in Bagan, dating from the 3rd
century, this riverbank pagoda was completely destroyed when it collapsed into
the river in the 1975 earthquake, and has been totally rebuilt.
Built during the reign of Nantaungmya (1211-1234), it is
modelled after Indian style temples, and is unique in Myanmar. The pyramid
shaped spire is covered in niches, each enclosing a seated Buddha figure.
King Anawrahta built this graceful circular pagoda in 1057
following his conquest of Thaton. The five terraces once held terra-cotta
plaques showing scenes from the Jataka.
This small temple has frescoes and inscriptions in both
Myanmar and Mon scripts.
Built by King Narathu (1160- 65) and similar to the Ananda,
this later temple is generally considered to possess the finest brickwork of
Built three years before the invasion of Kublai Khan's
horsemen, in 1284, this pagoda is considered the most beautifully proportioned
of all Bagan's monuments.
A relaxing lake resort with villages, and floating gardens
located at an altitude of 1328 metres in southern Shan State. It is best known
for high quality Shan silk, and for its fishermen, who row their boats standing
upright, using one leg to power the oar. The surrounding region includes the
picturesque hill stations of Kalaw, Pindaya and Taunggyi and offers
opportunities for walking and rock-climbing.
Stretching for over 3 km. This resort offers clam blue
water, swaying palm trees and an expensive stretch of silvery white sand. With a
wide range of accommodation from simple guest houses to luxury accommodation,
the resort is easily accessible by air from Yangon, Bagan and Heho.
Unique locally made goods, luxury buys such as precious
jewellery of gold and gems, silverware, arts and crafts, lacquerware,
paintings,traditional wooden dolls, Mandalay silk, typical Shan and Kachin
shoulder bags, foodstuffs, cosmetics and tailor-made clothes.
Anadar Pagoda Festival ,Shwe zigon Pagoda.