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Beijing

Brief
Beijing - Both an ancient city, as well as a thriving metropolis; a fascinating mixture of old world culture,Beijing is China's second largest city after Shanghai, with more than 17 million people in Beijing's area of jurisdiction. The city is divided into 16 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties; the city's urban area has about 13 million residents. Beijing is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and motorways passing through the city. It is also the focal point of many international flights to China. Beijing is recognized as the political, educational, and cultural center of the People's Republic of China,while Shanghai and Hong Kong predominate in economic fields.

Reasons to visit
We welcome you to the most exciting tourist attractions and travel destinations which are given below. We take into notice each and every details about recreation, entertainment, adventure and relaxation. By looking at the things to do in city one can see if that spot offers romance, family fun, sightseeing or adventure. Drill down into the tourist attractions below to find out more about each place and see how the local customs create a unique atmosphere.

Beijing
Few cities in the world besides Beijing have served as the political and cultural centre of an area as immense as China for so long. The Encyclopædia Britannica describes it as, "One of the world's great cities" and declares that the city has been an integral part of China’s history for centuries, there is scarcely a major building of any age in Beijing that doesn't have at least some national historical significance. Beijing is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, and huge stone walls and gates.Its art treasures and universities have long made the city a centre of culture and art in China

Tian'anmen Square   
Tian'anmen was the front gate of the Imperial Palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Originally built in 1417 and named Chengtianmen, it was burnt down and rebuilt several times. The present gate tower was rebuilt in 1651 and renamed Tian'anmen. Ming and Qing emperors would issue decrees from the gate tower and pass through it when they went to the Temple of Heaven in early winter, the Temple of Earth in early summer and to the Temple of agriculture in early spring, or when he led troops on an expedition.  

The Palace Museum     
 The Palace Museum, former home to the Ming and Qing emperors, is also known as the Forbidden City (Zijincheng).There are four entrance gates: the Meridian Gate (Wumen) to the south, the Gate of Divine Prowess (Shenwumen) to the north, the Eastern Flowery Gate (Donghuamen) to the east and the Western Flowery Gate (Xihuamen) to the west. The largest and best preserved group of ancient buildings in China today, its more than 9,000 rooms cover some 150,000 square meters. A 10meter high wall and moat more than 52 meters wide run six kilometers around the perimeter.  

Summer Palace   
The Summer Palace located ten kilometers to the northwest of Beijing and used to be a summer residence of Qing Dynasty emperors and is now a public park. It is an imperial garden known far and wide for its architectural grandeur and stunning natural beauty. Construction of the SummerPalace started in 1750. The northern part of the SummerPalace is the 60-meter-tall Longevity Hill. Its southern part is a wide expanse of water called Kunming Lake. The whole garden covers 290 hectares, with the lake taking up four-fifths of its total area.

Hutong 
The Hutong has a very special and important position in the rich history and culture of Beijing. The Hutongs are one of the "must see" items in Bejing. They are a wonderful glimpse into the world of yesterday in Beijing.

The Temple of Heaven   
The Temple of Heaven is the most holy of Beijing's Imperial temples. For this is where the Emperor came every winter solstice to worship heaven and to solemnly pray for a good harvest. Since his rule was legitimised by a mandate from heaven, a bad harvest could be interpreted as his fall from heaven's favour and threaten the stability of his reign. So, it was not without a measure of self-interest that the Emperor fervently prayed for a very good crop.

Ming Tombs  
50 kilometers northwest from Beijing City lies the Ming Tombs - the general name given to the mausoleums of 13 emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). The mausoleums have been perfectly preserved, as has the burial places of each of the many emperors. Because of its long history and palatial and integrated architecture, the site has a high cultural and historic value. The layout and arrangement of all thirteen mausoleums are very similar but vary in size as well as in the complexity of their structures.  

Bird's Nest  
Location: Olympic Green; Total land surface (sq. m.): 65,000 - 80,000; Seats: 80000 permanent and 11,000 temporary; Olympic events: Opening & Closing Ceremonies, Athletics, Football final; Paralympic events: Opening and Closing ceremonies, Athletics; "Bird's Nest", also named the National Stadium, which was the main venue of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. It was designed by Pritzker Architecture Prize Gainer Jacques Herzog, de Meuron and Chinese Architect Li Xinggang, shaped as a "bird's nest", and looks like a cradle.  

Water Cube  
Venue: Water Cube; Location: Olympic Green; Total land surface (sq. m.): 65,000 - 80,000; Seats: 6,000 permanent and 11,000 temporary; Functions during the Games: Swimming, Diving, Water Polo, and Synchronized Swimming; Groundbreaking date: Dec. 24, 2003; Water Cube, known as National Aquatics Center, which located in Beijing Olympic Green, it was mainly designed by engineers John Pauline and Toby Wong. It was built as the main natatorium for Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Also, it was one of the symbol constructions of Beijing Olympics. The proposal of its design was from the idea of "Water Cube ([H2O]3)". “Water Cube” lies in two sides Axle Wire of Beijing with "Bird’s Nest", and both formed the City Symbol of Cultural and Historic Beijing.  

Shopping
Cloisonne, Ivory Carving, Jade and Lacquer are known as the four best traditional handiworks of Beijing,Curios, Silk, Pearls, Snuff Bottles with Pictures Inside, and Artificial Flowers.

Festive celebrations
Fragrant Hills Maple Leaf Festival,Daguanyuan Spring Welcome Meeting,Chongyang Denggao Festiva,Longqingxia Ice-illumination Festival.