This is where Prince Gautama attained enlightenment under the sacred Asvatta
tree (Bodhi tree) and became known as Lord Budha. This is one of the four most
sacred pilgrimage places for the Buddhists. The other three important places are
his place of birth at Lumbini, Nepal; the site of his first lecture at Sarnath,
near Varanasi; and the place where he left his body at Kushinagar, near
Gorakhpur. Buddhists from all over the world have built temples here in Bodh
Gaya. The Dalai Lama often spends time here. Tibetan pilgrims come here for the
winter from Dharamshala. Bodh Gaya is located about 13 km from Gaya, 450 km west
of Calcutta, and 90 km south of Patna.
Reasons to visit
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given below. We take into notice each and every details about recreation, entertainment,
adventure and relaxation. By looking at the things to do in city one can see if that spot
offers romance, family fun, sightseeing or adventure. Drill down into the tourist
attractions below to find out more about each place and see how the local customs create a
The Mahabodhi Temble is located at the place of Lord
Buddha's enlightenment. The temple has a 50m (170 ft) tower. The present temple
was restored around 1880. There have been several other temples on this site. A
previous temple was destroyed by the Muslims in the 11th century. Parts of the
intricately carved railings to the south and west of the temple are very old.
Some of the railings are original and parts of the railings are reproductions.
The Bodhi tree here is said to be a descendent of the tree
under which Budhha attained enlightenment. A sapling of the original bodhi tree
that the Buddha sat under was carried by Emperor Ashoka's daughter (Sanghamitta)
to Sri Lanka. That tree is at Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. A cutting from that
tree was planted in Budha Gaya when the original tree died. Under the tree is a
red sandstone slab that is said to be the Vajrasana, the diamond throne, that
Buddha sat on and attained nirvana. The tree is located behind the temple and is
about 80 feet high and about 115 years old.
This marks the sacred spot of the Buddha's meditative
perambulations during the third week after pious enlightenment. It is believed
that wherever the Buddha put his feet lotus sprang up.
Between the temple and the tree is the diamond throne, Vajrasana, made of grey
sandstone, which marks Buddha’s seat of meditation. The surface is carved with
geometrical patterns and the sides with animal and floral motifs. The site of
the Vajarasana is held in highest veneration and sanctity. It’s aura is
considered to be so powerful that no celestial being can fly over this point.
Closeby is a large stone with Buddha’s footprint.
It is believed that the Buddha spent one week here looking towards the great
Mahabodhi Tree out of gratitude, without twinkling his eyes.
The Buddha spent one week here, where it is believed that
five colours came out of his body.
The best buys of Bodhgaya are small decorative items
associated with Buddhism like statues of Buddha made of various metals,
sandalwood beads etc. Bodhgaya is a small town where such items are easily
available in most of the shops.
Buddh Purnima is the most important of Buddhist
festivals organized in Bodhgaya. Besides, other festivals celebrated here are
Buddha Jayanti, Kagyu Monlam Chenmo and Nyingma Monlam Chenmo prayer
festivals,Maha Kala puja.
How to get there
By Road : Bodhgaya is connected by road to Gaya, 12 km, to the Delhi - Calcutta highway junction (on Grand Trunk Road), Dobhi 22 km and Patna 109 km (via Jahanabad) or 181 km via Rajgir.
By Air : Most airlines from the important cities of India touch Patna, which is 135 kms from Bodhgaya.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is also Gaya. Trains from all major cities of India stop at Gaya.
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