This is where Prince Gautama attained enlightenment under the sacred Asvatta tree (Bodhi tree) and became known as Lord Budha. This is one of the four most sacred pilgrimage places for the Buddhists. The other three important places are his place of birth at Lumbini, Nepal; the site of his first lecture at Sarnath, near Varanasi; and the place where he left his body at Kushinagar, near Gorakhpur. Buddhists from all over the world have built temples here in Bodh Gaya. The Dalai Lama often spends time here. Tibetan pilgrims come here for the winter from Dharamshala. Bodh Gaya is located about 13 km from Gaya, 450 km west of Calcutta, and 90 km south of Patna.

Reasons to visit
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Mahabodhi Temple    
The Mahabodhi Temble is located at the place of Lord Buddha's enlightenment. The temple has a 50m (170 ft) tower. The present temple was restored around 1880. There have been several other temples on this site. A previous temple was destroyed by the Muslims in the 11th century. Parts of the intricately carved railings to the south and west of the temple are very old. Some of the railings are original and parts of the railings are reproductions.

Bodhi Tree 
The Bodhi tree here is said to be a descendent of the tree under which Budhha attained enlightenment. A sapling of the original bodhi tree that the Buddha sat under was carried by Emperor Ashoka's daughter (Sanghamitta) to Sri Lanka. That tree is at Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka. A cutting from that tree was planted in Budha Gaya when the original tree died. Under the tree is a red sandstone slab that is said to be the Vajrasana, the diamond throne, that Buddha sat on and attained nirvana. The tree is located behind the temple and is about 80 feet high and about 115 years old.

This marks the sacred spot of the Buddha's meditative perambulations during the third week after pious enlightenment. It is believed that wherever the Buddha put his feet lotus sprang up.

Between the temple and the tree is the diamond throne, Vajrasana, made of grey sandstone, which marks Buddha’s seat of meditation. The surface is carved with geometrical patterns and the sides with animal and floral motifs. The site of the Vajarasana is held in highest veneration and sanctity. It’s aura is considered to be so powerful that no celestial being can fly over this point. Closeby is a large stone with Buddha’s footprint.


It is believed that the Buddha spent one week here looking towards the great Mahabodhi Tree out of gratitude, without twinkling his eyes.


The Buddha spent one week here, where it is believed that five colours came out of his body.

The best buys of Bodhgaya are small decorative items associated with Buddhism like statues of Buddha made of various metals, sandalwood beads etc. Bodhgaya is a small town where such items are easily available in most of the shops.

Festive Celebrations 
Buddh Purnima is the most important of Buddhist festivals organized in Bodhgaya. Besides, other festivals celebrated here are Buddha Jayanti, Kagyu Monlam Chenmo and Nyingma Monlam Chenmo prayer festivals,Maha Kala puja.

How to get there
By Road : Bodhgaya is connected by road to Gaya, 12 km, to the Delhi - Calcutta highway junction (on Grand Trunk Road), Dobhi 22 km and Patna 109 km (via Jahanabad) or 181 km via Rajgir.
By Air : Most airlines from the important cities of India touch Patna, which is 135 kms from Bodhgaya.
By Rail: The nearest railway station is also Gaya. Trains from all major cities of India stop at Gaya.

Weather Chart
Average   Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rainfall In Inches 1.18 1.06 0.94 2.89 14.80 23.90 17.50 17.50 21.00 13.40 8.35 6.90
Temp Low - F 73 72 75 79 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
Temp High - F 82 84 86 90 93 97 95 93 91 88 84 82