The Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh forms the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve created in 1974, under Project Tiger. Stretching over 940sq km, the vegetation, chiefly made of sal and bamboo forests, grasslands and streams, this park is the sole habitat of the rare hardground barasingha.
The forests of the Banjar valley and Halon valley, respectively forming Kanha's western and eastern halves had even, at the turn of the century been famous for their deer and tiger population. By a special statute in 1955, Kanha National Park came into being. Since then a string of stringent conservation programmes have been launched for the overall protection of the park's fauna and flora. It is one of the most well-maintained National Parks in Asia, and a major attraction for avid wildlife buffs all overthe world.
Reasons to visit
Kanha boasts of about 22 species of mammals. Some of the
inhabitants of this park are the gaur, the largest of the world's cattle; the
sambar, the largest Indian deer; and the chausingha, the only four-horned
antelope in the world. Other frequent visitors include the Nilgai antelope, the
sloth bear, the dhole, or Indian wild dog, and an occasional panther. The best areas are the meadows
around Kanha, where blackbuck, chital and barasingha can be seen throughout the
The Bamni Dadar
The Bammi Dadar Known as Sunset Point this is one of
Hardground Barasingha is found only at Kanha The most beautiful areas of the
park, from where a spectacular sunset can be watched. The dense luxuriance of
Kanha's forests can best be seen from here. Animals that can be sighted around
this point are typical of the mixed forest zone: sambar, barking deer, gaur and
the four-horned antelope.
Kanha has some 22 species of mammals. Those most easily
spotted are the striped palm squirrel, common langur, jackal, wild pig, chital
or spotted deer, barasingha or swamp deer, sambar and blackbuck.
Kanha has some 80 species of birds. Watchers should
station themselves in the hills, where the mixed and bamboo forests harbour many
species, and in The grassy forest clearings. , Water birds can be seen near the
park's many rivulets and at Sarvantal, a pool that is frequented by water birds
and the area in front of the museum. The sal forests do not normally yield a
sight of Kanha's avifauna. Early mornings and late afternoons are best for
birdwatching; binoculars are an invaluable aid to the watcher.
Less commonly seen species
Tiger, Indian hare, dhole or Indian wild dog, barking deer
and Indian bison or gaur. Patient watching should reward the visitor with a
sight of: Indian fox, sloth bear, striped hyena, jungle cat, leopard, Mouse
deer, chausingha or four-horned antelope, nilgai, ratel and porcupine.
Very rarely seen species
The Wolf which lives in the far east of the park, chinkara to be found
outside the park's northern boundary, Indian pangolin, the smooth Indian otter
and the small Indian civet.
Commonly seen species
The cattle egret, pond heron, black ibis, common peafowl,
crested serpent, rackettailed drongo, hawk eagle and red-wattled lapwing;
various species of flycatcher, woodpecker, pigeon, dove, parakeet, babbler and
mynah; Indian roller, white-breasted kingfisher and grey hornbill.