The Nanda Devi National Park is one of the most spectacular wilderness areas in
the Himalayas. It is overshadowed by the peak of Nanda Devi, which rises to over
7,800 m. Nanda Devi National Park was established in the year 1980. The first
men on record to have reached this park, while yet in its pristine form, were
the the British Mountaineers Eric Shipton and Bill Tilman. The area had largely
remained untouched till then, except for Tilman's successful attempt on Nanda
Devi in the year 1936. However, since 1950 the increasing number of treks &
climbing expeditions to the area has to some extent affected the virgin
characteristic of this place. Nanda Devi National Park is characterised by the
unique mix of flora and fauna.
Reasons to visit
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The major attraction of this popular wildlife hub lies in
its eco system that has many varieties of flora and fauna. This park has
remained camouflaged from the humans and have some of the best preserved views.
As it is situated among the Himalayan peaks, there is a very diverse type of
vegetation found here. Having one of the richest preserve of of flora in the
world, there are some 312 floral species here of which 17 are rare ones. Among
the fauna of the area one can try to site snow leopards. Though elusive, but
there are considerable numbers of these cats. Here. Among the Bear family there
are Himalayan bear and yellow leopards as well. Blue sheep, Musk Deer, Serow and
Himalayan Tahr are the most commonly sighted wilds of this park. The rich
variety of Avifuna can be judged on the fact that 114 species of birds home
Nanda Devi National Park. Bird sighting is best during the May to June, as then
the number of birds increase further. Some of the birds that one can see are
Black Tit, yellow-bellied Fantail Flycatcher, orange-flanked Bush Robin, blue
fronted Redstart, Indian Tree Pipit, Vinaceous Breasted Pipit , Common Rosefinch
and Nutcracker. To add to the attraction further, there are some 28 varieties of
Of the 80 species of birds found in the Nanda Devi
Wildlife Sanctuary, the most significant ones are Warblers, Gresbreaks, Rose
Finches and Ruby Throat .
Animal population of species like bharal, Himalayan tahr,
serow, goral, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, brown bear, leopard, common
langur, Himalayan musk deer, and brown beer dominate the park area. Warblers,
gresbreaks, rose finches, and ruby throat represent avifauna here. Approximately
80 species have been spotted in this park.
Nandadevi National Park of India is home to as many as 312 species of plants.
Out of these, approximately 17 are believed to be quite rare. A major portion of
the vegetation consists of fir, birch, rhododendron, and juniper. The inner
portions of the Nanda Devi Wildlife Sanctuary of Uttaranchal experience dry
weather conditions. As we move nearer to the Nanda Devi Glacier, the vegetation
starts decreasing at a rapid pace. From Ramani onwards, the flora turns to
alpine vegetation and juniper scrubs are seen dominating the landscape. The
terrain further changes to areas with grasses, prone mosses and lichens.
Although Nanda Devi is bereaved of any safari option, but one can
definitely enjoy the trekking routes. The pleasant weather during the summers,
invites a lot of tourist to indulge in this sport. This park can be reached only
by taking up treks from Joshimath. Trekking is also the best way to sight the
most elusive beings.