a picturesque spot, located in the Mitale District of the Emerald Island - Sri
Lanka. It is one of the world's popular and well-known heritage sites which
reserve the architectural tradition of the country. The small town of Sigiriya
is famous for the fort(rock), gardens and the sanctuary and is representative of
the 5 th century urban planning.
Built in the 5 century AC this magnificent complex of
geometrically laid gardens, pools, fountains (still working today) as well as
oldest surviving murals of maidens has been a palace of the King Kasyapa. Built
on top of a 200m high rock, the entrance to the climb once has been through a
lions head. Only the huge paws remain today. Half way up the rock are
beautifully drawn painted bare breast Maidens whose existence is still a
mystery. Which should be the eighth wonder of the world, Sigiriaya, is a must
see item in Sri Lanka. The occupation of the gigantic fortress ended when
Kasyapa killed himself in a battle with his brother.
Reasons to visit
We welcome you to the most exciting tourist attractions and travel destinations which are given below. We take into notice each and every details about recreation, entertainment, adventure and relaxation. By looking at the things to do in city one can see if that spot offers romance, family fun, sightseeing or adventure. Drill down into the tourist attractions below to find out more about each place and see how the local customs create a unique atmosphere.
The beautifully and elaborately landscaped water gardens, contain a complex network of
underground water distribution system, which provides water to the Royal baths,
the many little moated islands & fountains, some fountains still work during the
rainy season! A superb view of the Gardens could be had from halfway up the
Frescoes - The Sigiriya Damsels
About halfway up the rock is a sheltered gallery of frescoes painted on the
sheer rock face. The 'Heavenly Maidens' are similar in style to the paintings of
Ajantha in India. Some of them are still in remarkably good condition. Only 22
out of an estimated 500 pictures now remain. Flash photography is not allowed at
The Mirror Wall with Graffiti
Beyond the fresco gallery, the pathway circles the the sheer face of the rock, and is protected
by a 3m high wall. This wall was coated with a mirror-smooth glaze, in which
visitors over 1000 years ago noted their impressions of the women in the gallery
above. The graffiti was mostly inscribed between the 7th and 11th Century AD.
685 of them have been deciphered and published. The graffiti are a great source
for the scholars to study the development of the Sinhala language and script.
The Northern end of the rock the pathway emerges to a platform, from which the rock derives its
name Sigiriya (the Lion Rock). At one time a gigantic brick lion sat at the end
of the rock, and the final ascent to the summit was between the lions paws and
into it's mouth! Today the lion has disappeared, only the paws and the first
steps are visible.
area of around 1.6 hectares, the remains of the foundations show that the summit
would have been completely covered with buildings. The design, layout and
magnificent views that it still enjoys to this day, suggest Sigiriya would have
been more of a royal palace of pleasure than a fortress. A pond scooped out of
solid rock measuring 27m x 21m, looks like a modern rooftop pool. A smooth slab
of flat stone, often referred to as the kings stone throne, faces the rising