Sunderbans national park is located at the South Eastern tip of the 24 Paraganas
district in the state of West Bengal. It got its name from one of the mangrove
plants known as Sundari (Heritiera Minor). The Sundarbans are a part of the
world's largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges,Brahmaputra and Meghna.
Sundarban is a vast area covering 4262 square kms in India alone, with a larger
portion in Bangladesh. 2585 sq. kms of the Indian Sundarban forms the largest
Tiger Reserve and National Park in India.
Reasons to visit
We welcome you to the most exciting tourist attractions and travel destinations which are given below. We take into notice each and every details about recreation, entertainment, adventure and relaxation. By looking at the things to do in a city one can see if that spot offers romance, family fun, sightseeing or adventure. Drill down into the tourist attractions below to find out more about each place and see how the local customs create a unique atmosphere.
The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The
Bengal Tigers have adapted themselves very well to the saline and aqua environs
and are extremely good swimmers. As you enter the adventurous wild land of the
Sundarbans you'll be thrilled to see the Chital Dear and Rhesus Monkey. The aqua
fauna of Sundarbans include variety of fishes, red Fiddler Crabs and Hermit
Crabs. There are crocodiles, which can be often seen along the mud banks.
Sundarbans national park is also noted for its conservation of the Ridley Sea
Turtle. There's is a incredible variety of reptiles also found in Sundarbans,
which includes King Cobra, Rock Python and Water Monitor. The endangered river
Terrapin, Batagur Baska is found on the Mechua Beach, while the Barkind Deer is
found only in Holiday Island in Sunderbans.
Sunderbans is the largest estuarine delta in the world and
the biggest colony of the Royal Bengal Tiger. These evergreen mangrove forests
pulsate with myriad forms of life, which hide during high tide and the ebbing
tide reveals them on the glistening mud flats. The land is split by numerous
rivers and water channels all emptying into the Bay of Bengal. It is believed
that Bonbibi, the goddess of the forest, protects the woodcutters,
honey-collectors and fishermen on their hazardous missions through the forest.
For, as the local saying goes, `here the tiger is always watching you'.
Sunderbans provide important habitat for a variety of reptiles including river
terrapin (Batagur baska E), Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea E), estuarine
crocodile (Crocodylus porosus E), monitor lizard (Varanus flavescens), water
monitor (Varanus salvator) and Indian python (Python molurus V). The only
species of turtle known to nest in the Sunderbans is the Olive Ridley but
hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) has also been caught in fishermen's nets. The
creeks are spawning grounds for some 90 species of fish, 48 species of crabs and
a large variety of molluscs.
The Sajnekhali area contains a wealth of water birds, noteworthy residents
including Asian openbill stork (Anastomus oscitans), black-necked stork
(Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus), greater adjutant stork (Leptoptilos dubius), white
ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), swamp francolin (Francolinus gularis),
white-collared kingfisher (Halcyon chloris), black-capped kingfisher (Halcyon
pileata) and brown-winged kingfisher (Pelargopsis amauroptera).
The best time to visit Sunderbans is during the winters, between September and
March. There are regular bus services from Calcutta. But the main areas of the
sanctuary can only be accessed by riverine waterways. The best and the safest
way to visit Sunderbans is on conducted tours. One can also avail the services
of the private vessels from Canning, Gosaba or Basanti.