World Heritage site of Pattadakal, situated 22 km from Badami, hosts monuments
whose architecture showcases India’s old, rich and fabulous culture. The
carvings and sculptures provide enough evidence about the vision and prudence of
the kings of olden times. The monuments comprises of a cluster of ten temples,
out of which nine are Hindu temples. Four of the temples are constructed in
Dravidian style, four in the Nagara style and the Papanatha temple is designed
in mixed style. Pattadakal monuments were built in adulation to Vikramaditya II
by his Queen to commemorate his victory over the Pallavas of Kanchi is set
amidst pretty lawns. Though the construction of some temples remained
incomplete, they still look attractive and enchanting. Gods, demons and women
were pretty much the subject the ancient sculptors adorned. It is amazing, how
the whole complex has survived the ravages of time.
Pattadakal, situated in Karnataka, under the Chalukya
Dynasty, achieved a harmonious blend of architectural forms from the north and
south of India. An impressive series of nine Hindu temples, as well as a Jain
sanctuary can be seen there. In this group one masterpiece stands out - the
Temple of Virupaksha, built around 740 by Queen Lokamahadevi to commemorate her
husband's victory over the kings from the south. Pattadakal represents the
culmination of early Chalykyan art. Four of the temples here are in the south
Indian Dravidian architectural style while four are in the north Indian Nagara
style while Papanatha temple exhibits a hybrid style. Pattadakal had once been
the rich capital of the Chalukyas. During 7th - 8th century, Pattadakal Temples
were got constructed by the Chalukya rulers. Portraying the rare specimen, the
temples depict a wonderful blend of Dravidian (South-Indian) and Nagara
(North-Indian) architectural styles. The phrase 'beauty in ruins' goes exactly
with the town of Pattadakal. The beautiful settlement appears majestic with its
series of nine temples. The sculptural art of these temples is marked by
classiness of the Chalukya dynasty. Pattadakal emerges as a heavenly site with
its superb architectural marvels in a picture-perfect lane. The distinct styles
and patterns of various temples reveal the designers' intelligence at a stretch.
The temples of Pattadakal receive myriad number of tourists, who come from the
distant lands, round the year.
In 745, Virupaksha Temple was built by Queen Lokamahadevi to celebrate her husband's victory
(Vikramaditya II) over the Pallavas of Kanchi. The temple was erected on the
structural lines of Kailashnath Temple (Kanchi); however Virupaksha became the
brainwave for Kailashnath Temple at Ellora. The temple is renowned for its
affluent structures like Lingodbhava, Nataraja, Ravananugraha and Ugranarasimha.
Mallikarjuna Temple:- In 745,
Mallikarjuna Temple was built by Trilokya Mahadevi, who was the second queen of
Vikramaditya II. The purpose behind the erection of a temple was to commemorate
the victory of the Chalukyas over the Pallavas. Mallikaarjuna Temple was modeled
on the lines of Virupaksha Temple. The temple is celebrated for its artistic
Papanatha Temple is the only temple that has been designed on both north and south Indian
styles of architecture. Containing a Nagara styled Vimanam, the temple dates
back to 680 AD. Initially, the construction was started with Nagara style, but
later it was switched to Dravidian style. The temple is famous for its
sculptures that are imbibed from the scenes of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Sited on Pattadakal-Badami Road, Jain Temple was constructed by the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta.
Built in the Dravidian style, the temple comprises really beautiful sculptures.
Perhaps, it was erected either by King Amoghavarsha I or his son Krishna II in
the 9th century.
Built in Nagara style, Jambulinga Temple is built on the lines of Hucchimalli' Guddi at
Aihole. The temple houses the image of Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati along with
Nandi. Jambulinga Temple has a horseshoe-shaped projection in its exteriors.
Perhaps the oldest temple in the group, Sangameshvara Temple was built by King
Vijayaditya Satyashraya during 697 -733 AD. This incomplete temple appeals with
its colossal structure.