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Aswan is the ancient city of Swenet, which in antiquity was the frontier town of Ancient Egypt to the south. Swenet is supposed to have derived its name from an Egyptian goddess with the same name. This goddess later was identified as Eileithyia by the Greeks and Lucina by the Romans during their occupation of Ancient Egypt because of the similar association of their goddesses with childbirth, and of which the import is "the opener". The ancient name of the city also is said to be derived from the Egyptian symbol for trade.It stands on the east bank of the Nile at the first cataract and is a busy market and tourist center. The modern city has expanded and includes the formerly separate community on the island of Elephantine.

Reasons to visit
This bustling market city in South Egypt is situated in one of the driest spots on earth. Set on the east bank of the Nile, Aswan is a popular place to start cruises. One of Egypt’s most ancient sites is Elephantine Island. Take a traditional wooden felucca around the island or disembark and explore the ruins of the Temple of Khnum. In addition to rich history and stunning scenery, Aswan offers opportunites to experience true African culture in the surrounding Nubian villages. 

Abu Simbel  
Tourists who plan to visit the wonders of Abu Simbel should be prepared for an early start. Buses leave as early as 03:30 in the morning, so that the heat of the sun can be avoided and also so that visitors can arrive early in convoy and enjoy a full day sightseeing. The temples of Abu Simbel are the main attractions here, with the enormous Temple of Ramses II being the main attraction, followed by the equally grand Temple of Hathor, which honours Nefertari, the wife of Ramses II, who was famed for her great beauty.

Kalabsha Temple   
For something a little different from the more mainstream Reasons to Visit in Aswan, pay a visit to the nearby Kalabsha Temple. This is a particularly impressive Nubian monument and is just a relatively short taxi journey from the city centre and reasonably close to the Philae Temple. Moving the Kalabsha Temple was a major operation and around 13,000 different sections were painstakingly transported and carefully reassembled, to give the impression that it was originally built on this very site.

The Old Dam (Low Dam)
The Old Aswan Dam is a very important historical attraction and was built more than 100 years ago, being completed in 1902. For its time, the Old Dam was nothing short of a feat of engineering, stretching more than 2,000 metres / 6,560 feet in length and featuring almost 200 different openings. Constructed to regulate the gradual draining of the River Nile and rebuilt and raised twice over the years, the Old Dam features a sluice gate for boats, although was never actually successful in preventing flooding, hence the need for the subsequent arrival of the High Dam in the 1960s.

Scents, spices, perfumes and scarves, to baskets and fine alabaster.

Festive Celebrations
Abu Simbel Sun Festival